EU and UK negotiators reached an agreement on the draft Withdrawal Agreement that allows the European Council (Article 50) to adopt, on 23 March 2018, guidelines for the framework for the future relationship between the EU and the UK. CONSIDERING that both the United Kingdom and the Union must take all necessary measures to initiate, as soon as possible from the date of entry into force of this Agreement, formal negotiations on one or more agreements on their future relationship, in order to ensure that, as far as possible, those agreements apply from the end of the transitional period, if agreement is not reached on the inclusion of the newly adopted act in the relevant Annex to this Protocol, any other way of maintaining the proper functioning of this Protocol may be examined and all conclusions necessary to that effect may be taken. On the EU side, the European Parliament also approved the ratification of the agreement on 29 January 2020 and the Council of the European Union approved the conclusion of the agreement by email on 30 January 2020.  Accordingly, the European Union also deposited its instrument of ratification of the Agreement on 30 January 2020, thus concluding the Agreement and brought it into force on the date of the Withdrawal of the United Kingdom from the Union, on 31 January 2020, at 11 p.m GMT. Holders of geographical indications protected in the European Union at the end of the transitional period have the right to use the geographical indication in the United Kingdom without further examination and enjoy «at least the same level of protection» as under the existing EU regime. However, this only applies unless a future agreement between the EU and the UK enters into force and becomes applicable. Obligations arising from the Cooperation Agreement between the European Community and its Member States, of the one part, and the Swiss Confederation, of the other part, to combat fraud and any other illegal activity detrimental to its financial interests (11) Such an agreement may be concluded by any means of communication. . .